Sometimes in restorative dentistry, a tooth might have become too compromised to undergo just a crown restoration. In this case, the whole tooth must be removed and replaced by an artificial device before a crown restoration can be placed. This is where a dental implant may be useful. A dental implant is a surgical device that is attached to the jaw to support a dental prosthesis such as a crown, bridge, or denture. It can also act as an aid in orthodontic cases. It can also be attached to dentures to reduce denture movement. The dental implants available at Peninsula Family Dental Center make use of osseointegration, which occurs when the implant is integrated into the bone of your jaw. The health of the bone around your lower or upper teeth determines the longevity of the attached dental implant. Dental implants are used to replace a single missing tooth, multiple teeth, or even edentulous dental arches. Girls younger than 15-years-old and boys younger than 17-years-old are not recommended to have dental implants. If placed, a dental implant can impinge on the normal growth of the jawbone.
Types of Dental Implants
There are two main types of dental implants. They are endosteal and subperiosteal implants. The endosteal implants are the most common type of implants. They are made of titanium and are shaped like a small screw. Endosteal implants are usually placed in the jawbone. They can be strategically placed at different points in the bone to support bridges and complete dentures. Subperiosteal implants, on the other hand, are placed on or over the bone but under the gum. These implants are used for people who have poor bone bulk and cannot or do not want to rebuild it with a bone augmentation procedure. There is a third type of implant called the zygomatic implant. These implants are planted in the zygomatic bone, which is also known as the cheek bone, rather than the mandible or maxilla.
Dental Implant Techniques
If your jawbone is not able to support implants and zygomatic implants are not an option, there are several techniques that can be employed by our dental professional to increase the mass of your jawbone. The bone augmentation technique is a rigorous oral surgery that involves the growth and restoration of the jawbone through bone additives and growth factors. Another technique to restore the jawbone structure is a sinus lift. A sinus lift, also known as a sinus elevation, is the process of adding bone below the sinus if the bone there has deteriorated as a result of the absence of upper back teeth. Finally, another option is a ridge expansion. Ridge expansion involves the addition of grafted material to a space created somewhere along the top of your jaw. The ridge expansion technique is employed when your jaw is not wide enough for implants.
This procedure of placing a dental implant is performed in different stages over several dental appointments. The damaged tooth is uprooted, and if needed, the jawbone is then prepared and restored. The dental implant is placed, and enough time is given for bone growth, restoration, and healing. Next, the abutment is attached to the implant, and then the artificial tooth is placed.
Dental implants are applicable for other uses as well. They are used for facial prosthetics used to correct facial deformities. They are also used to create obturators, which are removable prosthesis used to obliterate abnormal communication between the oral and nasal cavities.
Do not hesitate to reach Peninsula Family Dental Center to discuss suitable dental implant options for you. Please call our office at (907) 283-9125 today.